Music physiology and musicians' health

Good performances enchant us with their apparent flawlessness and lightness. But what looks and sounds effortless requires years of dedication and training.

Especially the combination of repetitive movements and stress may cause the muscles to tighten, leading to uncoordinated movement patterns and applying strain to body structures. 

Individual bodywork with the instrument restores proper alignment and enhances sound and interpretational possibilities. Musicians will then be able to both please their audience and enjoy their own performances without any physical or muscial sacrifice.


Alexandra Türk-Espitalier, MSc, Dipl. mus., Dipl. mus. päd.

is known nationally and internationally as an expert in music physiology and injury prevention for musicians. A professional flutist and physiotherapist, she holds degrees in flute performance, music pedagogy and physiotherapy. She lectures at the University for Music and Performing Arts Vienna (Austria) and the Frankfurt University for Music and Performing Arts (Germany). In teaching and research she focuses on the treatment and prevention of playing-related musculoskeletal injuries, the enhancement of musical performance through physical training and on the development of breathing exercises for wind players. For her PhD she is currently investigating the effects of strength training on breathing among wind players.

Alexandra Türk-Espitalier is the author and co-author of many publications on prevention and exercises, training and practice schedules for musicians.  She presents to orchestras and music organizations, lectures at international masterclasses and trains music pedagogues in injury prevention. She is a board member of the German Association for Music Physiology and Musicians’ Medicine (DGfMM) and a member of the US-based Performing Arts Medicine Association (PAMA).

For a full list of publications please click on PUBLIKATIONEN.